Stress and Cardiovascular Disease in Mother and Child
Principal Investigator: Dr. Rosalba Hernandez
Co-Investigators: Martha L. Daviglus, MD, PhD, Carmen Isasi, MD, PhD; Ramon Durazo-Arvizu, PhD
– Purpose: Obesity in Hispanic/ Latinx youth is a critical public health issue with wide-ranging, long-term implications. As a racialized group, Latinos also content with the injury of structural violence in its many manifestations—ranging from policies (e.g. migration laws), structural conditions (e.g. residential segregation, precarious employment), and personally-mediated forms (e.g. unfair treatment, racial microaggressions)—all of which increase structural vulnerability.
– Partners: Associated partners.
– Aims: Identify and characterize sub-types of structural violence among Latinx parents; Determine which parental structural violence sub-types are associated with child Body Mass Index (BMI), and the biological, psychological, and behavioral mechanisms that may underlie these associations
Southeast Asian Mental Health
Principal Investigator: Karen Kim, MD (University of Chicago Medicine)
Co-Investigator: Miwa Yasui, PhD (University of Chicago, School of Social Service Administration)
– Purpose: South East Asian immigrants in the United States face significant psychological distress due to their unique psychosocial stressors. Immigrants from these regions diverge from other Asian immigrants due to their exposure to structural violence and trauma prior to migration. The impact of pre-migration traumatic experiences and post-migration structural violence exposure on South East Asian immigrant children has not been well studied. This study will have 103 parent-child dyads.
Gut Microbiome and Community Stress
Principal Investigator: Lisa Tussing-Humpreys, PhD. MS, RD
Co-Investigator: Paul Grippo, PhD
Purpose: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third most prevalent and the second leading cause of cancer deaths in the U.S. Among all racial/ ethnic groups, the African American population exhibits the highest CRC incidence in the nation. Few studies have addressed both, biological and socio-environmental factors, including exposure to structural violence that may contribute to disproportionately high CRC risk in African American individuals.